Tactics, Tools and Procedures (TTP) are constantly evolving and in use by cybercriminals. These techniques are used by our security experts in a controlled manner to identify real-world threats to organisations. Vulnerability assessment and penetration testing (VAPT) provides visibility into your organisations’ security risks.

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What is Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) ?

VAPT (also referred to as VAPT Audit) refers to security testing services aimed at identifying security vulnerabilities in networks and applications that could negatively affect an organisation’s business or reputation if they led to abuse.

VAPT services range from vulnerability assessments to in-depth penetration testing to stealth red teaming operations. To make the right selection for security testing services needed for your organisation, it is important to understand various VAPT services. These assessments differ in methodology, project scope and price.

The sooner an organisation finds its security risks, the better equipped it is to deal with such threats.

Organisations with IT security compliance requirements such as PCI DSSISO 27001, GDPR are mandated to perform security validations periodically. 

Vulnerablity assessment and penetration testing

Why do you need VAPT?

VAPT Audit

VAPT helps an organisation identify risks that threaten its operational capabilities. A vulnerability assessment is an automated exercise utilising vulnerability scanners with added human intelligence to remove false positives. This is a low-cost exercise primarily carried out by third-party companies to add their expertise and advice in risk remediation. An ongoing process of this scanning activity is managed vulnerability scanning that is central  input to your risk assessment.

A penetration test involves a manual approach towards in-depth technical risk assessments finding business logic and other issues based on the target asset. This exercise is well-prepared, timed and has medium to high cost aimed. The penetration test is aimed at identifying and exploiting threats affecting the asset (a web application, mobile application, servers or networks) in scope to demonstrate the cyber attack. 

A red team is a stealth operation aimed at launching a full assault on people, processes and technology in use by an organisation. It stress tests the defensive capabilities aiming to bypass restrictions in place. This is focussed on an organisational approach than a particular asset. 

Benefits of VAPT services

Trusted vulnerability assessment and penetration testing services

Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing Services

The popularity of the term VAPT is down to certain regions around the globe and it is used interchangeably with security testing services. A buyer looking to order VAPT security test should keep the following choices in mind.


VA helps to identify and quantify the potential risks threatening your environment while minimising internal costs.


Uncover the unknowns in your environment in order to prepare and defend against cyber attacks utilising in-depth technical deep dives simulating hacking scenarios.


Assess your organisations' defensive controls (people, processes and technology) against real world attacks carried out in stealth manner.

Types of Pen Testing

Penetration testing, or pen testing, is performed using manual, logical and automated approaches to identify, analyse and exploit security vulnerabilities in networks, systems and applications. 

Our team of ethical hackers with varied skill-sets across the web, mobile, networks domains perform this assessment, followed by an exception after-care support process. We offer help with remediation planning and if required, optional remediation consultancy is available.

Cyphere offers the following types of penetration testing. For vulnerability assessment and penetration testing report structure and reading a sample report, head to our blog post covering penetration testing reports.

Network & Infrastructure Penetration Testing

  • Protect your business against evolving network & infrastructure threats
  • Check services, patching, passwords, configurations & hardening issues
  • Internal, external, network segregation & device reviews
  • PCI DSS, ISO 27001, GDPR Compliance support
  • Helps shape IT strategy & investments

Web Application & API Pen Testing

  • Assess real-world threats to web applications
  • Validate secure design best practices against OWASP Top 10
  • Timely check to avoid common pitfalls during development
  • Ensure strong authentication, authorisation, encryption mechanisms
  • Find loopholes to avoid data leakage or theft

Mobile Penetration Testing

  • Assess real-world mobile app security vulnerabilities
  • Validate secure design & configuration best practices
  • Increased flexibility and productivity of users through secure mobile offerings
  • Ensure strong mobile app authentication, authorisation, encryption mechanisms
  • Find mobile app or device loopholes to avoid data leakage or theft
  • PCI DSS, ISO 27001, Compliance Support

Cloud Penetration Testing

  • Better visibility on cloud process aligning
  • Secure validation of internal and third party integrations
  • Support ever changing regulatory/compliance requirements
  • Ensure strong authentication, authorisation, encryption mechanisms
  • Demonstrate data security commitment
  • Less is more – reduced costs, servers and staff

Digital Attack Surface Analysis

  • Attack surface analysis to identify high risk areas and blind spots
  • Improve your security team’s efficiency
  • Streamline your IT spends
  • Lower Risks and Likelihood of Data Breaches

Common VAPT Vulnerabilities

Secure hardening vulnerabilities across networking, security, telecommunications & other internal equipment, OS and endpoint vulnerabilities.
Effective patch management plays critical role in closing window of opportunity for attackers, thats between the vulnerability disclosure and patch release.
Domain controllers design and configuration issues, group policy security review including audit policy, account lockout policy, user rights and security settings.

Logging and monitoring controls are reviewed to identify flaws in event collection, analysis and threat identification.

We check against the configuration and use of encryption methods used for data at rest and transit. This ensures data is safe against tampering and eavesdropping attacks.
Authentication vulnerabilities are one of the most critical and important attack vectors. This area includes multiple test cases i.e. transmission channels, nature of input, insecure configurations, weak credentials & bypass attempts.
Based on our methodology and scope of the job, We perform two types of password reviews which include password policy reviews and a password cracking exercise followed by statistical analysis to find out the complexity & character patterns in use.

OWASP pen test Top 10 flaws such as authorisation, input validation, injection issues such as Cross site scripting, SQL injection, XXE, session management & encryption vulnerabilities. Similarly, OWASP API top ten flaws are also included as part of our testing methodology.

Our Engagement Approach

Customer Business Insight

The very first step remains our quest to gain insight into drivers, business, pain points and relevant nuances. As part of this process, we understand the assets that are part of the scope.

Services Proposal

It is important to gain grips with the reality, therefore, we always stress on walkthroughs or technical documentation of the assets. After asset walkthroughs, a tailored proposal is designed to meet your business’ specific requirements.

Execution and Delivery

Cyphere’s approach to all work involves excellent communication before and during the execution phase. Customer communication medium and frequency are mutually agreed, and relevant parties are kept updated throughout the engagement duration.

Data Analysis & Reporting

Execution phase is followed by data analysis and reporting phase. Cyphere performs analysis on the testing output, evaluates the risk impact and likelihood of exploitation in realistic scenarios before providing action plans to remediate the identified risks. All our reports address business as well as the technical audience with supporting raw data, including mitigation measures at strategic and tactical levels

Debrief & Support

As part of our engagement process, customers schedule a free of charge debrief with management and technical teams. This session involves remediation plan, assessment QA to ensure that customer contacts are up to date in the language they understand.

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